Time-Technology Swaps

Time-Technology Swaps Age- and child-appropriate digital instruction–as little as an hour daily per student– replaces enough excellent in-person or remotely located teacher time that these teachers can teach more students. The swap may be on a fixed schedule (Rotation) or a flexible one (Flex) determined by students’ changing needs. Teachers use the face-to-face teaching time for higher-order learning and personalized follow-up. When teaching support roles and schedules are planned correctly, teachers can also gain planning and collaboration time during the school day. And teachers can earn at least 20 percent more, within budget.

Rotation: Alternating digital and live-teacher learning time (with teacher in-person or remote) on a fixed schedule. Digital learning time is likely to be 25%–50% of in-school learning time.

Flex: Digital, small-group, and large-group learning time individualized for each student and frequently changing. Digital learning time may be 50% or more of in-school learning time.

The terms Rotation and Flex are widely used to describe “blended learning” models. See Innosight Institute’s The Rise of K-12 Blended Learning.

A related model is the Time-Time Swap, which replaces digital instruction time with time for offline skill practice and projects.

See our case studies of these or similar models in action:


For more detail on specific Time-Tech Models, visit these web pages:

Time-Technology Swaps – Rotation (In-Person Teacher)
Time-Technology Swaps – Flex (In-Person Teacher)
Time-Technology Swaps – Rotation (Remote Teacher)
Time-Technology Swaps – Flex (Remote Teacher)